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Face Transplant Glossary


 

Chimerism – The state of being a chimera.

Chimera - Organism composed of two genetically distinct types of cells. Can be formed by the fusion of two early blastula stage embryos or by the reconstitution of the bone marrow in an irradiated recipient or by somatic segregation.

Combination therapy – Cocktail of different immunosuppressive drugs widely used in organ transplantation.

Composite tissue allotransplantation – Transplantation of a composite of more than one tissue (example=skin, muscle and bone) between individuals of the same species.

Cyclosporine A – Immunosuppressive drug widely used in organ transplantations.

Flap – A portion of tissue, containing its own blood supply, transferred from one location to another to reconstruct large tissue defects.

Graft – <Reconstructive Surgery> A thin portion of living skin (or akin), not containing its own blood supply, transferred from one location to another to provide superficial coverage of open wounds.

Immunosuppressive agent – Any drug classified as an immunosuppressive drug;  a drug administered for the purpose of suppressing the immune system to prevent an immune response.

Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) – Immunosuppressive drug used widely in organ transplantation.

Osteomyocutaneus flap – A portion of tissue, containing its own blood supply, made up of bone, muscle, and skin, transferred from one location to another to reconstruct large tissue defects.

Prednisone – A synthetic corticosteroid with powerful anti-inflammatory and antiallergic activity widely in organ transplantation.

Rejection – <immunology, surgery> Process orchestrated by one’s immune system leading to the destruction, degradation and death of a foreign tissue or material.

Tracolamous (FK506) – Immunosuppressive drug used widely in organ transplantation.

 
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Last Updated: February 06, 2008