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Face Transplant Research


 

Scientific Publications

Overview

Research

 

Lay Publications

 

Scientific & Lay Presentations


Scientific Publications

Overview Articles: 

Barker JH. Gustavo Perez-Abadia, Frontiers in Microsurgery: Functional Electrical Stimulation; (Section Co-editor) Microsurgery, 21(6): 2001.

Our Work: 

 

Zonnevijlle, EDH., Perez-Abadia, G., Stremel, RW., Maldonado, CJ., Kon, M. and Barker, JH. Fine-tuned electrical stimulation enhances dynamic myoplasty. Plast Reconstruc Surg, (In PRESS) 2004. 

 Majzoub, RK., Bardoel JWJM, Perez-Abadia GA., Maldonado C, Kon M, Barker JH, Stadelmann, WK.  Analysis of fiber type transformation and histology in chronic electrically stimulated canine rectus abdominis muscle island stomal sphincters.  Plast Reconstr Surg, 111(1): 189-198 2003.

Overgoor, MLE., Carroll, SM, Papanicolau, G., Carroll, CMA., Üstüner, TE., Stremel, RW., Anderson, GL., Franken, RJPM., Kon, M., Barker, JH.  Can Chronic Electrical Stimulation Induced Angiogenesis Enhance Latissimus Dorsi Muscle Flap Survival for Application in Cardiomyoplasty? Plast Reconstr Surg, 111(1): 178-188 2003.

Zonnevijlle, EDH., Perez-Abadia, G., Stremel, RW., Maldonado, CJ., Kon, M., Barker, JH. Dynamic graciloplasty for urinary incontinence: The potential for sequential closed-loop stimulation.  25(9): 755-63, 2003. 

Van Savage, JG., Perez-Abadia, G., Palanca, LG., Bardoel, JW., Harralson, T., Amin, M., Palacio, MM., Tobin, GR., Maldonado, C., Barker, JH. Comparison of the experience with the acute and chronic electrically stimulated detrusor myoplasty. J of Neurourology and Urodynamics,  21(5): 516-21, 2002.

Wan C., Maldonado, C., Papanicolaou, G., Anderson, GL., Overgoor, M., Kon, M., Barker, JH. Reducing vascular delay period in latisimus dorsi muscle flaps for use in cardiomioplasty. Plast Reconstr Surg, 109: 1630-7, 2002.  

Zonnevijlle, EDH., Perez-Abadia, GA., Somia, NN., Kon, M., Barker, JH., Koenig, S., Ewert, DL., Stremel, RW. A technique for sequential segmental neuromuscular stimulation with closed loop feedback control. J Invest Surg, 15(2): 91-99, 2002.

Bardoel, J., Stadelmann, W., Perez-Abadia, GA., Galandiuk, S., Zonnevijlle, EDH., Maldonado, C., Stremel, RW., Tobin, GR., Kon, M., Barker, JH. Dynamic rectus abdominis muscle sphincter for stoma continence: an acute functional study in a dog model. Plast Reconstr Surg, 107(2): 478-84, 2001.

Majzoub, RK., Bardoel, J., Maldonado, C., Ackerman, D., Kon, M., Barker, JH., Stadelmann, WK. Analysis of chronic morphologic changes of small bowel in electrically stimulated canine island flap rectus abdominis muscle stomal sphincters. Dis. Colon Rectum, 44: 1630-1639, 2001. 

Perez-Abadia, GA., van Aalst, VC., Palacio, MM., Stremel, RW., Werker, PMN., Ren, X., Petty, GD., Heilman, SJ., Van Savage, J., Fernandez, A., Kon, M., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH. The gracilis muscle neosphincter for treating urinary incontinence. Microsurgery, 21(6): 271-280, 2001.

Perez-Abadia, GA., Van Savage, J., Bardoel,  JWJM., Palanca, L., Maldonado, C., Palacio, M., Harty, J., Harralson, T., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH,. Electrical stimulation of the detrusor myoplasty promotes more efficient bladder evacuation. J Surg Res, 2001.

Somia, NN., Zonnevijlle, ED., Stremel, RW., Maldonado, C., Gossman, D., Barker, JH. Miltichannel obicularis oculi stimulation to restore eye-blink function in facial paralysis.  Microsurgery, 21(6): 264-270, 2001.

Stadelmann, WK., Bardoul, JWJM., Perez-Abadia, G., Majzoub, RK., Maldonado, C., Tobin, GR., Kon, M., Barker, JH. Dynamic Rectus bdominus Muscle flap for intestinal stomal continence: A systematic approach. Microsurgery, 21(6): 248-255, 2001

Barker, JH., Gossman, MD. A computer analysis of reflex eyelid motion in normal subjects and in unilateral facial neuropathy.  Clinical Biomechanics, 15: 766-77, 2000.

Bardoel, J., Perez-Abadia, G., Stadelmann, W., Galandiuk, S., Maldonado, C., Stremel, R., and Barker, JH.Use of the rectus abdominis muscle for abdominal stoma neo-sphincter construction: an anatomical feasibility study. Plast Reconstr Surg, 105(2): 589-595, 2000.

Bardoel, J. Stadelmann, W., Perez-Abadi, G., Streme, RW., Quan, EE., Maldonado, C., Tobin, GR., Francoi, C., Kon, M., Barker, JH. Electrical stimulation training regimen for continence in a rectus abdominis muscle stomal sphincter.  Surg Forum, 51: 615-16, 2000.

Carroll, SMD., Carroll, CMA., Stremel, RW., Heilmann, SJ., Steffen, JM., Tobin, GR., and Barker, JH.. Vascular delay and administration of basic fibroblastic growth factor (bFGF) augments latissimus dorsi muscle flap perfusion and function. Plast Reconstr Surg, 105(3): 964-971, 2000.

Majzoub, RK., Bardoel, JWJM., Perez-Abadia, GA., Maldonado, C., Kon, M., Barker, JH., Stadelmann, WK. Fiber type transformation of rectus abdominis muscle stoma sphincter in a chronic canine model. 45th Annual Plastic Surgery Research Council Meeting, Seattle, WA, May 17-20, 2000.

Majzoub, RK., Bardoel, JWJM., Perez-Abadia, GA., Maldonado, C., Kon, M., Barker, JH., Stadelmann, WK. Training regimen for a rectus abdominis muscle stomal sphincter to become fatigue resistant. Poster Presentation, Research! Louisville, Louisville, KY, Oct 30 – Nov 7, 2000.

Van Savage, JG., Perez-Abadia, GP., Palanca, LG., Bardoel, JW., Harralson, T., Slaughenhoupt, BL., Palacid, MM., Tobin. GR., Maldonado, C., Barker, JH. Electrically stimulated detrusor myoplasty, Am J of Urology, 164(3): 969-972, 2000.

Zonnevijlle, E., Somia, NN., Perez-Abadia, GP., Stremel, RW., Maldonado, CJ., Werker, PMN., Kon, M.,  Barker, JH. Sequential segmental neuromuscular stimulation reduces fatigue and improves perfusion in dynamic graciloplasty. Ann of Plast Surg, 45(3): 292-297, 2000.

Zonnevijlle, ED., Somia, NN., Stremel, RW., Maldonado, CJ., Werker, PM., Kon, M., Barker, JH. Sequential segmental neuromuscular stimulation: An effective approach to enhance fatigue resistance. Plast Reconstr Surg, 105: 667-673, 2000. 

Bardoel, J., Perez-Abadia, G., Stadelmann, W., Galandiu, S., Streme, R., Maldonado, C., Zonnevijlle, E., Tobin, G., Kon, M., Barke, JH.. Stomal continence with an electrically stimulated rectus abdominis muscle island flap neosphincter.  Surg Forum, 50: 607-8, 1999.

Barker, JH., Frank, J., Bidiwala, S., Carroll, CMA., Carroll, SMD., Stengel, C., Galla, T., Messmer, K., Anderson, GL. An animal model to study microvascular changes associated with delay.  Br  J Plast Surg, 52: 133-42, 1999.

Maldonado C, Tecimer T, Edelstein J, Perez-Abadia G, Quan E, Orhun H, Stremel R, Barker JH. Pharmacologic preconditioning with monophosphoryl lipid A improves postischemic function of muscle flaps. Surg Forum, 50: 634-6, 1999.

Perez-Abadia, GA., Bardoel, J., Van Savage, J., Palanca, L., Harralson, T., Stadelmann, W., Stremel, R., Harty, J., Palacio, M., Maldonado, C., Tobin, G., Barker, JH.. Stimulated rectus abdominis muscle flap for detrusor assistance: an experimental study. Surg Fourm, 50: 695-6, 1999.

Stremel, RW., Santamore, WP., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH. Vascular delay, angiogenesis and cardiomyoplasty. Basic Appl. Myol, 9(4): 161-165, 1999.

Stremel, RW., Santamore, WP., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH. Vascular delay, angiogenesis and cardiomyoplasty. IN: Dynamic Myoplasty: Perspective for the Next Millennium. Basic Appl Myol, 9(4): 155-159, 1999.

Zonnevijlle, EDH., Somia, NS., Perez-Abadia, GP., Stremel, RW., Maldonado, CJ., Werker, PMN., Kon, M., and Barker, JH. Three parameters optimizing closed loop control in sequential segmental neuromuscular stimulation. Artif Organs, 23(5): 388-391, 1999.

Bidiwala, SB., Mansour, MS., Stengel, CK., Klein, SA., Carroll, SM., Koenig, SC., Desoky, AH., Tobin, GR., Maldonado, C., and Barker, JH..  Quantification of the morphological features of a full microvascular network. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, 36(5): 621-26, 1998.

Carroll, CMA., Carroll, SMD., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH.. Augmentation of skeletal muscle flap survival through the process of angiogenesis using platelet derived growth factor. Plast Reconstr Surg, 102(2): 407-15, 1998. 

Palacio, MM, Perez-Abadia, GA., van Aalst, VC., Stremel, RW., Werker, PMN., Ren, X., Petty, GD., Van Savage, JG., Garcia-Fernandez, A., Kon, M., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH. Muscular urinary sphincter (M.U.S.): Electrically stimulated myoplasty for functional sphincter reconstruction. J of Urology, 160: 1867-71, 1998.

Perez-Abadia, G., Zonnevijlle, DE., Stremel, R., Koenig, S., Palacio, M., Werker, P., Kon, M., Maldonado, C., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH. Dynamic graciloplasty: Sequential segmental neuromuscular stimulation (SSNS) improves neo-sphincter performance. Surg Forum, 49: 669-71, 1998.

Santamore, WP., Ali, AT., Stremel, RW., Chiang, BY., Kashem, M., Tobin, AE., Carroll, S., Barker, JH., Unger, L., Slater, AD., Gray, L., Tobin, GR. Strategies for preserving muscle function for dynamic cardiomyoplasty.  Basic Appl. Myol, 8: 51-58, 1998.

van Aalst V, Werker PMN, Stremel RW, Perez-Abadia GA, Petty GD, Heilman SJ, Palacio MM, Kon M, Tobin GR, Barker JH.  Electrically stimulated free-flap graciloplasty for urinary sphincter reconstruction. Plast Reconstr Surg, 102: 84-91, 1998.

Zonnevijlle, EDH., Perez-Abadia, G., Somia, N., Stremel, R., Maldonado, C., Koenig, S., Palacio, M., Werker, P., Kon, M., Barker, JH. Feedback (closed loop) control of a urinary graciloplasty neo-wphincter. Surg Forum, 49: 621-22, 1998. 

Barker, JH., van Aalst, V., Keelen, PC., Bidiwala, S., Frank, JM., Carroll, SM., Wan, C., Carroll, CMA., Anderson, GL., Joels, C., Tobin, GR. Vascular delay in skeletal muscle: a model for microcirculatory studies. Plast Reconstr Surg, 100: 665-69, 1997.

Carroll, CMA., Carroll, SMD., Overgoor, MLE., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH.  Acute ischemic preconditioning of skeletal muscle prior to flap elevation augments muscle flap survival. Plast Reconstr Surg, 100: 58-65, 1997.

Carroll, SMD., Carroll, CMA., Streme,l RW., Heilman, SJ., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH.. Vascular delay of the latissimus dorsi muscle: An essential component of cardiomyoplst. Ann Thorac Surg, 63: 1034-40, 1997.

Carroll, SMD., Heilman, SJ., Stremel, RW., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH.. Vascular delay improves latissimus dorsi muscle perfusion and muscle function for use in cardiomyoplasty. Plast Reconstr Surg,  99(5): 1329-37, 1997.

Somia, NN., Rash, GS., Sundine, MH., Gossman, MD., Barker, JH. Motion analysis of the eyelid. Surg Forum, 48: 736-7, 1997.

Stremel, RW., Barker, JH. Vascular Delay of the LDM: An essential component of cardiomyoplasty. (Reply to Letter to the Editor)  Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Nov. 1997.

Zonnevijlle, E., Somia, NN., Stremel, RW., Maldonado, C., Werker, PMN., Kon, M., Barker, JH. Alternating muscle stimulation: a method to mimic motor unit recruitment to enhance fatigue resistance. Surg Forum, 48: 748-9, 1997.

Carroll, CMA., Carroll, SMD., Overgoor, ML., Tobin, GR., and Barker, JH.  Acute ischemic preconditioning increases muscle flap survival. Surg Forum, 47: 739-41, 1996.

van Aalst V, Werker P, Stremel RW, Petty GD, Heilman SJ, Kon M,  Tobin GR, Barker JH.  Urinary Incontinence: Improved outflow resistance by modified dynamic graciloplasty.  Surg Forum, 47: 804-6, 1996.

Carroll, SMD., Heilman, MS., Stremel, RW., Barker, JH., Tobin, GR..  Vascular delay improves latissimus dorsi muscle perfusion and muscle function for use in cardiomyoplasty.  Surg Forum, 46: 730-732, 1995.

Keelen, PC., Barker, JH., Frank, JM., Anderson, GL., Tobin, GR. Improved viability of latissimus dorsi muscle for heart wrap. In Cardiomyoplasty  (2nd Ed) A Carpentier. 1993.

Tobin, AE., Barker, JH., Slater, AD., Gray, LA., Tobin, GR. The anatomic basis for serratus anterior aortic counter pulsation in humans. Surg Forum, 44: 657-60, 1993.

Tobin, GR., Gu, JM., Tobin, AE., Keelen, P., Kaneko, S., Barker, JH. Latissimus dorsi flap loss in cardiomyoplasty: Anatomic basis and prevention by delay. In Cardiomyoplasty  (2nd Ed). A Carpentier. 1993.

Tobin, GR., Tobin, AE., Barker, JH., Slater, D., and Gray. L. Serratus anterior aortic counterpulsation: The anatomic basis for human application. In Cardiomyoplasty  (2nd Ed). A Carpentier. 1993.

 

 

Lay Publications

Sequential activation may improve “living sphincter. Urology Times, March 1999, p.17.

Leg Muscle transfer will improve bladder control. Family Practice, November 11, 1996.

 

  

Scientific Presentations

Our Work

Majzoub, RK., Bardoel, JWJM., Ackermann, D., Maldonado, C., Kon, M., Barker, JH., Stadelmann, WK. Analysis of chronic morphologic changes of small bowel in electrically stimulated canine island flap rectus abdominis muscle stomal sphincters. 46th Annual Meeting, Plastic Surgery Research Council, Milwaukee, WI, June 9-12, 2001.

Van Savage, JG., Perez-Abadia, G., Bardoel, JW., Harralson, TG., Palanca, LG., Maldonado, CJ., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH. Repetitive electrical stimulation of a rectus abdominis muscle detruso myoplasty produces more efficient bladder evacuation. American Urological Association, Southeastern Section, annual meeting, New Orleans, LA, March 31, 2001.

Van Savage, JG., Perez-Abadia, G., Palanca, LG., Bardoel, JW., Tobin, GR., Maldonado, C., Barker, JH. Comparison of the experience with the acute and chronic electrically stimulateddetrusor myoplasty.  American Urological Association, Southeastern Section, annual meeting, New Orleans, LA, March 31, 2001. 

Bardoel, J., Stadelmann, W., Perez-Abadia, G., Francois, C., Maldonado, C., Barker, JH. Trained dynamic rectus abdominis muscle sphinter provides long-term stomal continence in a canine model. 4th Annual European Congress for Scientists and Plastic Surgeons (ESCAPS), Paris, France, October 27-28, 2000. 

Bardoel, J., Stadelmann, W., Perez-Abadia, G., Stremel, RW., Quan, EE., Maldonado, C., Tobin, GR., Francois, C., Kon, M., Barker, JH. Electrical stimulation training regimen for continence in a rectus abdominis muscle stomal sphincter.  86th Annual Meeting American College of Surgeons, Chicago IL, October 22-27, 2000.

Bardoel, JWJM., Stadelmann, WK., Perez-Abadia, GA., Palanca, LG., Stremel, RW., Maldonado, C., Tobin, GR., Kon, M., Barker, JH.  Training regimen for a rectus abdominis muscle stomal sphincter to become fatigue resistant. 45th Annual Plastic Surgery Research Council Meeting, Seattle, WA, May 17-20, 2000.

Perez-Abadia, GA., Van Savage, JG., Bardoel, JW., Harralson, TG., Palanca, LG., Palacio, MM., Maldonado, CJ., Harty, JI., Tobin, GR., and Barker, MD. Repetitive electrical stimulation of a rectus abdominis muscle detrusor myoplasty produces more efficient bladder evacuation. 34th Annual Meeting Association for Academic Surgery, Tampa, FL, November 2-4, 2000. 

Perez-Abadia, GP., Van Savage, J., Bardoel, JWJM., Harralson, T., Palanca, LG., Palacio, MM., Maldonado, C., Harty, J., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH. Assessing different stimulation methods in rectus abdominis muscle flap bladder myoplasty. 45th Annual Plastic Surgery Research Council Meeting, Seattle, WA, May 17-20, 2000.

Van Savage, J., Perez-Abadia, GP., Bardoel, JWJM., Harralson, T., Palanca, LG., Palacio, MM., Maldonado, C., Harty, J., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH. Assessing different stimulation methods in rectus abdominis muscle flap bladder myoplasty. Poster Presentation, Research! Louisville, Louisville, KY, Oct 30 – Nov 7, 2000.

Bardoel, J., Perez-Abadia, G., Stadelmann, W., Galandiuk, S., Stremel, RW., Maldonado, C., Zonnevijlle, E., Tobin, G., Kon, M., Barker, JH. Stomal continence with an electrically stimulated rectus abdominis muscle island flap neo-sphincter. American College of Surgeons 85th Annual Clinical Congress, San Francisco, CA, October 10-15, 1999. 

Bardoel, JWJM., et al. Dynamic rectus abdominis muscle neo-sphincter for stomal continence: an acute functional study. Plastic Surgery Research Council Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, May 22-25, 1999.

Overgoor, MLE., Franken, RJPM., Kon, M., Barker, JH. De invloed van angiogenese, geinduceerd door chronische electrische stimulatie op m. latissimus dorsi overleving. Scientific meeting of the Dutch Society of Plastic Surgery, Utrecht, The Netherlands, October 9, 1999.

Perez-Abadia, G., Bardoel, J., Van Savage, J., Palanca, L., Harralson, T., Stadelmann, W., Stremel, R., Harty, J., Palacio, M., Maldonado, C., Tobin, G., Barker, JH. Stimulated rectus abdominis muscle flap for detrusor assistance: an experimental study. American College of Surgeons 85th Annual Clinical Congress, San Francisco, CA, October 10-15, 1999. 

Perez-Abadia, G., Bardoel, JWJM., Van Savage, J., Harralson, T., Palanca, LG., Palacio, M., Maldonado, C., Harty, J., Stremel RW, Barker JH. Stimulated rectus abdominis muscle flap for detrusor assistance: a functional study.  Southeastern Section of the American Urological Association, SC, March, 1999.

Van Savage, JG., Perez-Abadia, G., Palanca, LG., Stremel, RW., Palacio, M., Tobin, G., Barker, JH. Electrically stimulated detrusor myoplasty. International Continence Society, Denver, CO, August, 1999. 

Bardoel, JWJM., Perez-Abadia, G,, Stadelmann, WK., Galandiuk, S., Stremel, RW., Werker, PMN., Maldonado, C., Zonnevijlle, ED., Tobin, GR., Kon, M., Barker, JH. Postgraduate Course on Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery: Developmental and dynamic reconstruction: Rectus myoplasty for stomal continence. 84th Annual Clinical Congress of the American College of surgeons, Orlando, FL, October 25-30, 1998. 

Bardoel, JWJM. Designing a continent fecal stoma using an innervated and pedicled rectus abdominis muscle neo-sphincter; an anatomical feasibility study. Kentucky Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Annual Meeting, Louisville, KY, September 22, 1998. 

Perez Abadia, G., van Aalst, VC., Stremel, RW., Palacio, MM., Werker, PMN., Petty, GD., Van Savage, JG., Fernandez, AG., Kon, M., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH. Muscular urinary sphincter (M.U.S.): electrically stimulated myoplasty for functional sphincter construction. American Society for Reconstructive Microsurgery, 13th Annual Meeting, Scottsdale, AZ, January 10-13, 1998. 

Perez-Abadia, G., Palacio, MM., van Aalst, VC., Stremel, RW., Werker, PMN., Ren, XP., Petty, GD., Heilman, J., Van Savage, JG., Fernandiz, AG., Kon, M., Tobin, GR., and Barker, JH. Esfinter Urinario muscular: colgajo muscular libre inervado electroestimulado.  XXIV Congress of the American Urological Confederation, Cancun, Mexico, November 8-12, 1998. 

Perez-Abadia, G., Zonnevijlle, DE., Somia, N.,  Stremel, R., Koenig, S., Palacio, M., Werker, P., Kon, M., Maldonado, C., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH. Dynamic graciloplasty: sequential segmental neuromuscular stimulation (SSNS) improves neo-sphincter performance. . Postgraduate Course on Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery: Developmental and dynamic reconstruction American College of Surgeons 84th Annual Clinical Congress, Orlando, FL, October 25-30, 1998. 

Perez-Abadia, G., Zonnevijlle, EDH., Somia, N., Stremel, RW., Koenig, S., Van Savage, J., Palacio, M., Werker, P., Kon, M., Maldonado, C., Tobin, GR., and Barker, J. Esfinter Urinario Muscular: Estimulatcion Secuencial y Segmentaria (ESS). XXIV Congress of the American Urological Confederation, Cancun, Mexico, November 8-12, 1998. 

Somia, NN., Rash, GS., Stremel, RW., Maldonado, C., Gossman, MD., Barker, JH. Electronic reanimation of the Paralyzed Orbicularis Oculi: The feasibility of multichannel electrical stimulation. Plastic Surgery Research Council Annual Meeting, Loma Linda, CA, April 4-7, 1998. 

Somia, NN., Zonnevijlle, EDH., Stremel, RW., Maldonado, C., Gossman, MD., Barker, JH. Lid loading of the paralyzed eyelid alters function of the contra lateral normal eyelid – implications for eyelid reanimation. Plastic Surgery Research Council Annual Meeting, Loma Linda, CA, April 4-7, 1998. 

van Aalst, VC., Perez-Abadia, G., Stremel, RW., Werker, PMN., Petty, GD., Palacio, MM., Kon, M., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH. Dynamic free-flap graciloplasty for urinary incontinence: functional results in a dog model. American Society for Reconstructive Microsurgery, 13th Annual Meeting, Scottsdale, AZ, January 10-13, 1998. 

van Aalst, V., Perez-Abadia, G., Zonnevijlle, ED., Somia, N., Stremel, R., Koenig, S., Palacio, M., Werker, P., Kon, M., Barker, JH. A new gracilis urethromyoplasty for urinary incontinence. Postgraduate Course on Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery: Developmental and dynamic reconstruction. 84th Annual Clinical Congress of the American College of surgeons, Orlando, FL, October 25-30, 1998.

Zonnevijlle, EDH., Perez-Abadia, G., Somia, N., Stremel, R., Maldonado, C., Koenig, S., Palacio, M., Werker, P., Kon, M., Barker, JH. Feedback (closed loop) control of a urinary graciloplasty neo-sphincter. . Postgraduate Course on Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery: Developmental and dynamic reconstruction. American College of Surgeons 84th Annual Clinical Congress, Orlando, FL, October 25-30, 1998.

Zonnevijlle, EDH., Somia, NN., Perea-Abadia, G., Stremel, RW., Maldonado, C., Werker, PNM., Kon, M., Barker, JH. Sequential segmental neuromuscular stimulation (SSNS) reduces fatigue and improves perfusion in dynamic graciloplasty. Plastic Surgery Research Council Annual Meeting, Loma Linda, CA, April 4-7, 1998.

Bidiwala, SB., Mansour, MS., Stengel C., Maldonado, C., Tobin, GR., Desoky, AH., Barker, JH. A reliable method of quantifying microvascular architecture changes following delay in skeletal muscle. Plast. Surg. Research Council 42nd Annual Meeting, Galveston., TX, Feb. 27 – Mar. 1, 1997. 

Carroll C., Carroll, SM., Barker, JH. Augmentation of skeletal muscle flap survival through the process of angiogenesis using PDGF.  Annual Meeting of  The Society of Head and Neck Surgeons, Cancun, Mexico, April 10-12, 1997. 

Carroll, CM., Carroll, SM., Tobin, GR., and Barker, JH.  Platelet derived growth factor augments skeletal muscle flap through the process of angiogenesis. Plastic Surgery Research Council 42nd Annual Meeting, Galveston, TX,  February 27 - March 1, 1997.

Carroll, SM., Carroll, CM., Heilman, JS., Stremel, RW., Tobin, GR., and Barker, JH. Vascular delay of the latissimus dorsi muscle: an essential component of cardiomyoplasty. Plastic Surgery Research Council 42nd Annual Meeting, Galveston, TX,  Feb. 27 – Mar. 1, 1997. 

Perez Abadia, G., van Aalst, VC., Stremel, RW., Palacio, MM., Werker, PMN., Petty, GD. Van Savage, JG., Fernandez, AG., Kon, M., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH. Muscular urinary sphincter (M.U.S.): electrically stimulated myoplasty for functional sphincter construction. American Academy of Pediatrics - Urology Section,  New Orleans, LA, October 31 - November 5, 1997. 

Perez, GA., van Aaslt, VC., Stremel, RW,, Palacio, MM., Werker, PMN., Petty, MS., Heilman, SJ., Kon, M., Tobin, GR., and Barker, JH.  Urinary neo-sphincter: innervated gracilis free flap dog model. Plastic Surgery Research Council 42nd Annual Meeting, Galveston, TX,  February 27 - March 1, 1997.

Somia, NN., Rash, GS., Sundine, MJ., Gossman, MD., and Barker, JH.  Eyelid motion analysis: an objective method to analyze eyelid motion and synchronicity. Plastic Surgery Research Council 42nd Annual Meeting, Galveston, TX,  February 27 - March 1, 1997. 

Somia, NN., Rash, GS., Sundine, MJ., Gossman, MD., and Barker, JH.  The reliability of eyelid motion analysis: a repeatability study of eyelid kinematic data. Plastic Surgery Research Council 42nd Annual Meeting, Galveston, TX,  February 27 - March 1, 1997. 

Somia, NN., Rash, GS., Sundine, MJ., Gossman, MD., Barker, JH. Eyelid motion analysis: an innovative method to objectively quantify synchronous eyelid motion. American Society for Peripheral Nerve 7th Annual Meeting, Williamsburg, VA, June5-7, 1997. 

Somia, N., Rash, G., Sundine, MJ., Gossman, MD., Barker, JH. The role of preoperative motion analysis in the management of the paralyzed eyelid.  Plastic Surgery Research Council 42nd Annual Meeting, Galveston, TX,  February 27 - March 1, 1997. 

Somia, NN., Zonnevijlle, EDH., Stremel, RW., Sundine, MJ., Gossman, MD., Barker, JH. Multichannel electrical stimulation of the paralyzed orbicularis oculi muscle restores effective eyelid closure. American Society for Peripheral Nerve 7th Annual Meeting, Williamsburg, VA, June5-7, 1997. 

Stengel ,CK., van Aalst, VC., Barker, JH., Bidiwala, SB., Anderson, GL., Stremel, RW., and Tobin, GR. The effect of vascular delay on the microcirculatory architecture of the mouse latissimus dorsi muscle. Plastic Surgery Research Council 42nd Annual Meeting, Galveston, TX, February 27 - March 1, 1997. 

Sundine, MJ., Bas, H., Wang, WZ., Anderson, GL., Wilson, M., Maldonado, C., Tobin, GR., and Barker, JH. Role of nitric oxide in mediating the delay phenomenon. Plastic Surgery Research Council 42nd Annual Meeting, Galveston, TX,  February 27 - March 1, 1997. 

van Aalst, V., Perez Abadia, GA., Werker, PMN., Stremel, RW., Petty, GD., Palacio, MM., Tobin, GR., Kon, M., and Barker, JH. De vrij gevasculariseerde dynamische graciloplastiek met intacte immervatie voor blaassfincter reconstructie; functionele resultaten in een chronisch dier model 10 annual SEOHS meeting Maastricht, The Netherlands, October 13, 1997. 

van Aalst, VC., Perez, GA., Stremel, RW., Werker, PMN., Petty, GD., Heilman, MS., Palacio, MM., Kon, M., Tobin, GR., and Barker, JH.   Dynamic free-flap graciloplasty for urinary incontinence: chronic study of a new surgical concept. Plastic Surgery Research Council 42nd Annual Meeting, Galveston, TX,  February 27 - March 1, 1997.  

Zonnevijlle, EDH., Somia, NN., Stremel, RW., Maldonado, C., Barker, JH., Werker, P., Kon, M. Alternatiing muscle stimulation: a method to mimic motor unit-recruitment to enhance fatigue resistance.  American College of Surgeons 83rd Annual Clinical Congress, Chicago, IL, October 12-17, 1997. 

Zonnevijlle, EDH., Somia, NN., Stremel, RW., Maldonado, C., Barker, JH. Alternating muscle stimulation: a method to mimic motor unit recruitment to enhance fatigue resistance. American Society for Peripheral Nerve 7th Annual Meeting, Williamsburg, VA, June5-7, 1997. 

Zonnevijlle, EDH., Stremel, RW., Maldonado, C., Barker, JH., Werker, PMN., and Kon, M.  Alternating multiple lead stimulation: a method to mimic motor units to advance performance. Plastic Surgery Research Council 42nd Annual Meeting,  Galveston, TX,  February 27 - March 1, 1997. 

Carroll, CM. Acute ischemic preconditioning increases muscle flap survival. Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland, Charter Day Meetings, 9th February, 1996.

Carroll, CM., Heilman, S., Stremel, R., Barker, JH., Gordon, C., Tobin, GR. Vascular delay improves  muscle flap survival, perfusion and function for  use in cardio-myoplasty.  Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland, Charter Day Meetings, February 9th, 1996.

Carroll, CM., Carroll, S., Tobin, G., Barker, JH.  Acute ischemic preconditioning  increases muscle flap survival.  Presented at the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland National Scientific Medical Meeting, Dublin, Ireland,  March 29th-30th, 1996. 

Carroll, C., Carroll, S., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH. Basic FGF enhances latissimus dorsi muscle flap perfusion and function for use in dynamic muscle flap transfer.  Fourth International Conference on Head and Neck Cancer, Toronto, Canada, June 18, 1996. 

Carroll, SM., Carroll, CM., Overgoor, M., Barker, JH. and Tobin, G. Acute ischemic preconditioning of skeletal muscle reduces subsequent flap necrosis in both early and late “windows." British Association of Plastic Surgeons Summer Meeting, UK, July 3-5, 1996. 

Carroll, C. Acute ischemic preconditioning of skeletal muscle increases muscle flap survival.  Poster presentation at the Fourth International Conference on Head and Neck Cancer, Toronto, Canada, July 28 - August 2, 1996.  

Carroll, C., Carroll, S., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH. Basic FGF enhances latissimus dorsi muscle flap perfusion and function for use in dynamic muscle flap transfer.  Fourth International Conference on Head and Neck Cancer, Toronto, Canada,  July 28 - August 2, 1996. 

Carroll, C., Carroll, S., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH. Basic FGF enhances LDM flap perfusion and function for use in cardio-myoplasty.  XXI Sir Peter Freyer Memorial Lecture, Galway, Ireland, September 13-14, 1996.

Carroll, C., Carroll, SM., Overgoor, M., Barker, JH. PDGF enhances angiogenesis in the latissimus dorsi muscle flap.  Annual Meeting of the Irish Society of Otolaryngology, Belfast, Ireland, October 13, 1996. 

Carroll, SM., Carroll, CM., Overgoor, M., Tobin, GR., Barker, JH. Acute ischemic preconditioning increases muscle flap survival. Presented at the Plastic Surgery II Forum Session of the 82nd Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons, San Francisco, CA, October 6-11, 1996.

van Aalst, V., Werker, PMN., Stremel, RW.,  Petty, GD., Heilman, SJ.,  Tobin, GR., Kon, M., Barker, JH.  Vrijgetransplanteerde, dynamische gracilisplastick voor de behandeling van urine incontinentie.  Symposium Experimental Onderzoek, Heelkundige Specialismen, Amsterdan, The Netherlands, November 6, 1996. 

Carroll, CM., Carroll, SM., Barker, JH., Tobin, GR.  Preconditioning of Skeletal Muscle Reduces Necrosis Presented at the Irish Otolaryngology Society Meeting, Waterford, Ireland, October 13, 1995. 

 Carroll, CM., Heilman, S., Stremel, R., Barker, JH., Gordon, C., Tobin, GR. Vascular delay  improves latissimus dorsi muscle function and perfusion for use in dynamic muscle flap transfer.  British Associiation of Plastic Surgeons,  London, UK, Winter Meeting, November 29 - December 1, 1995. 

Carroll, CM., Heilman, S., Stremel, R., Barker, JH., Gordon, C., Tobin, GR. Vascular delay  improves latissimus dorsi muscle function and perfusion for use in dynamic muscle flap transfer.  Presented at the Frank Cort Prize Meeting, West Midlands Regional Plastic and Jaw Surgery Unit, Wordsley Hospital, West Midlands, UK, October, 1995. 

Carroll, CM., Heilman, S., Stremel, R., Barker, JH., Gordon, C,  Tobin, GR. Acute ischemic preconditioning of skeletal muscle reduces subsequent flap necrosis in both early alnd late “windows,” Presented at the Frank Cort Prize Meeting, West Midlands Regional Plastic and Jaw Surgery Unit, Wordsley Hospital, West Midlands, UK,  October, 1995. 

Carroll, SM., Heilman, S., Stremel, RW., Barker, JH., Tobin, GR. Vascular Delay Improves Latissimus Dorsi Muscle Function and Perfusion for Use in Cardiomyoplasty.  American College of Surgeons, New Orleans, LA, October 23-27, 1995.  

Overgoor, MLE., Carroll, CM., Carroll, M., Stremel, RW., Anderson, GL., Ustuner, ET., Tobin, GR., Kon, M., and Barker, JH.  Does Pacing Induced Angiogenesis Enhance Latissimus Dorsi Muscle?  Plastic Surgery Research Council, New York, NY, May 17-21, 1995.  

Overgoor, MLE., Carroll, SM., Papanicolau, G., Carroll, CMA., Üstüner, TE., Stremel, RW., Anderson, GL., Franken, RJPM., Kon, M., Barker, JH.  Can Chronic Electrical Stimulation Induced Angiogenesis Enhance Latissimus Dorsi Muscle Flap Survival for Application in Cardiomyoplasty?  30th Congress European Society for Surgical Research (ESSR), Amsterdam, The Netherlands, May 13th 1995. 

Keelen, P., Barker, JH., Anderson, GL., Tobin, GR.  Direct visualization of delay-induced microcirculatory changes in a latissimus dorsi muscle flap model.  Plastic Surgery Research Council Meeting, Ann Arbor, MI, June 4-8, 1994. 

Keelen, PC., Barker, JH., Frnak, JM., Anderson, GL., Tobin, GR. Optimal latissimus dorsi muscle viability for heart wrap. Presented at the World Symposium Cardiomyoplasty and Biomechanical Assist. Paris, France. May 24-26, 1993. 

Gu, JM., Barker, JH., Anderson, GL., Kim, MK., White, SW., Slater, AD., Pollock, SB., Gray, LA., Tobin, GR.  Vascular anatomy of the latissimus dorsi muscle (LDM).  Presented at the Fifth World Congress for Microcirculation.  Louisville, KY, Aug. 30 - Sept. 5th, 1991.

Tobin, GR., Gu, JM., Barker, JH., Hamman, BL., Anderson, GL., Slater, AD., Gray, LA. The serratus anterior and combined serratus anteriuor latissimus dorsi flaps for transformed skeletal muscle cardiac assist.  A new technique. Second Purdue Conference on Cardiac Assist with Skeletal Muscle, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, Sept. 30th - Oct. 1, 1991. 

Tobin, GR., Gu, JM., Barker, JH., Kim, MK., Anderson, GL., Slater, AD., Gray, LA. Latissimus dorsi vascular anatomy: Myangiotome anatomy is the basis of flap loss. A new technique. Second Purdue Conference on Cardiac Assist with Skeletal Muscle.  Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, Sept. 30-Oct. 1, 1991. 

 
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